aLL aBouT MALAYSIA...

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Korang mesti tak tahu kan???
Kalau dah tahu, tak apalah kita remind CIP PENGIMBAS MAKLUMAT kat OTAK kita sesama lagi.... Hehehe...


Hah... sumber rujukan www.cia.gov KLIK library/publications KLIK The wORLD fACTBOOK...
THEN PILIHLAH country yg korang nak TAHU SESANGAT TTG semuanya... BAK KATA orang xdapat sampai sana pun AT LEAST taklah JAKUN sangat...



Background
During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula except Singapore formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957. Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore, as well as Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo, joined the Federation. The first several years of the country's independence were marred by a communist insurgency, Indonesian confrontation with Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's withdrawal in 1965. During the 22-year term of Prime Minister MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Malaysia was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials to the development of manufacturing, services, and tourism. Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Razak (in office since April 2009) has continued these pro-business policies and has introduced some civil reforms.
Geography
Location:
Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

Geographic Coordinates:  2 30 N, 112 30 E

Map References: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/my.html

Area:
total: 329,847 sq km
country comparison to the world: 67
land: 328,657 sq km
water: 1,190 sq km

Area Comparative:
Slightly larger than New Mexico

LandBoundaries:
total: 2,669 km
border countries: Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km

Coastline:
4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)

Maritime Claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea

Climate:
Tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons

Terrain:
Coastal plains rising to hills and mountains

Elevation Extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m

Natural Resources:
Tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

Land Use:
arable land: 5.44%
permanent crops: 17.49%
other: 77.07% (2011)

IrrigatedLand:
3,800 sq km (2009)

Total Renewable Water Resources:
580 cu km (2011)

Total: 11.2 cu km/yr (35%/43%/22%)
Per capita: 414 cu m/yr (2005)

Natural Hazard:
Flooding; landslides; forest fires

Environment-Current Issues:
air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires



Environment-International Agreements:
Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography –note:
Strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea

People & Society:
noun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian



Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.)



Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan



Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% (2000 census)



29,628,392 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44



0-14 years: 29.1% (male 4,433,911/female 4,186,635)
15-24 years: 17% (male 2,552,709/female 2,487,366)
25-54 years: 41.3% (male 6,195,754/female 6,027,160)
55-64 years: 7.4% (male 1,112,529/female 1,069,036)
65 years and over: 5.3% (male 739,696/female 823,596) (2013 est.)
population pyramid: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/poppyramid_icon.jpg



total dependency ratio: 45.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 38.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.8 %
potential support ratio: 12.8 (2013)



total: 27.4 years
male: 27.2 years
female: 27.6 years (2013 est.)



1.51% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80



20.41 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84



4.97 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186



-0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population
country comparison to the world: 130
note: does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2013 est.)



urban population: 72.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)



KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 (2009)



at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)



29 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 126



total: 14.12 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 118
male: 16.32 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)



total population: 74.28 years
country comparison to the world: 112
male: 71.51 years
female: 77.24 years (2013 est.)



2.61 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78



49% (2004)



3.6% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 175



1.2 physicians/1,000 population (2010)



1.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)



improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.5% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.5% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2011 est.)



improved:
urban: 96.1% of population
rural: 94.6% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.9% of population
rural: 5.4% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2011 est.)



0.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65



100,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41



5,800 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34



degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)



14% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 123



12.9% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 58



5.1% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 70



definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.1%
male: 95.4%
female: 90.7% (2010 est.)



total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2005)



total: 11.3% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 103








 
Economy:


Malaysia, a middle-income country, has transformed itself since the 1970s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Under current Prime Minister NAJIB, Malaysia is attempting to achieve high-income status by 2020 and to move farther up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in Islamic finance, high technology industries, biotechnology, and services. NAJIB's Economic Transformation Program (ETP) is a series of projects and policy measures intended to accelerate the country's economic growth. The government has also taken steps to liberalize some services sub-sectors. The NAJIB administration also is continuing efforts to boost domestic demand and reduce the economy''s dependence on exports. Nevertheless, exports - particularly of electronics, oil and gas, palm oil and rubber - remain a significant driver of the economy. As an oil and gas exporter, Malaysia has profited from higher world energy prices, although the rising cost of domestic gasoline and diesel fuel, combined with strained government finances, has forced Kuala Lumpur to begin to reduce government subsidies. The government is also trying to lessen its dependence on state oil producer Petronas. The oil and gas sector supplies about 35% of government revenue in 2011. Bank Negera Malaysia (central bank) maintains healthy foreign exchange reserves, and a well-developed regulatory regime has limited Malaysia''s exposure to riskier financial instruments and the global financial crisis. Nevertheless, Malaysia could be vulnerable to a fall in commodity prices or a general slowdown in global economic activity because exports are a major component of GDP. In order to attract increased investment, NAJIB has raised possible revisions to the special economic and social preferences accorded to ethnic Malays under the New Economic Policy of 1970, but he has encountered significant opposition, especially from Malay nationalists and other vested interests.



$494.7 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
$468.3 billion (2011 est.)
$445.4 billion (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars



$300.6 billion (2012 est.)



5.6% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53
5.1% (2011 est.)
7.4% (2010 est.)



$16,800 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
$16,200 (2011 est.)
$15,600 (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars



31.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
34.9% of GDP (2011 est.)
34.2% of GDP (2010 est.)



household consumption: 48.9%
government consumption: 13.5%
investment in fixed capital: 25.7%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 87.1%
imports of goods and services: -75.3%
(2012 est.)



agriculture: 11.4%
industry: 40.2%
services: 48.3% (2012 est.)



Peninsular Malaysia - palm oil, rubber, cocoa, rice; Sabah - palm oil, subsistence crops; rubber, timber; Sarawak - palm oil, rubber, timber; pepper



Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, petroleum and natural gas, light manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, medical technology, electronics and semi-conductors, timber processing; Sabah - logging, petroleum and natural gas production; Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum and natural gas production, logging



3.8% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75



12.9 million (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42



agriculture: 11.1%
industry: 36%
services: 53.5% (2012 est.)



3% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
3.1% (2011 est.)



3.8% (2009 est.)



lowest 10%: 1.8%
highest 10%: 34.7% (2009 est.)



46.2 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 33
49.2 (1997)



revenues: $67.31 billion
expenditures: $80.89 billion (2012 est.)



22.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150



-4.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157



53.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
51.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012



calendar year



1.7% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
3.2% (2011 est.)
note: approximately 30% of goods are price-controlled



3% (31 December 2011)
country comparison to the world: 107
2.83% (31 December 2010)



4.7% (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
4.83% (31 December 2011 est.)



$93.89 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
$81.28 billion (31 December 2011 est.)



$458.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
$382.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)



$412.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
$354.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)



$414 billion (31 December 2011)
country comparison to the world: 23
$410.5 billion (31 December 2010)
$256 billion (31 December 2009)



$18.64 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
$33.51 billion (2011 est.)



$227.7 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
$228.6 billion (2011 est.)



semiconductors and electronic equipment, palm oil, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals, solar panels



Singapore 13.6%, China 12.6%, Japan 11.8%, US 8.7%, Thailand 5.4%, Hong Kong 4.3%, India 4.2%, Australia 4.1% (2012)



$186.9 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
$179.1 billion (2011 est.)



electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals



China 15.1%, Singapore 13.3%, Japan 10.3%, US 8.1%, Thailand 6%, Indonesia 5.1%, South Korea 4.1% (2012)



$139.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
$133.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)



$98.82 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
$94.47 billion (31 December 2011 est.)



$132.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
$114.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)



$120.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
$106.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)



ringgits (MYR) per US dollar -
3.0888 (2012 est.)
3.06 (2011 est.)
3.22 (2010 est.)
3.52 (2009)
3.33 (2008)


Communications:


4.589 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 34



41.325 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 30



general assessment: modern system featuring good intercity service on Peninsular Malaysia provided mainly by microwave radio relay and an adequate intercity microwave radio relay network between Sabah and Sarawak via Brunei; international service excellent
domestic: domestic satellite system with 2 earth stations; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 140 per 100 persons
international: country code - 60; landing point for several major international submarine cable networks that provide connectivity to Asia, Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean, 1 Pacific Ocean) (2011)



state-owned TV broadcaster operates 2 TV networks with relays throughout the country, and the leading private commercial media group operates 4 TV stations with numerous relays throughout the country; satellite TV subscription service is available; state-owned radio broadcaster operates multiple national networks as well as regional and local stations; many private commercial radio broadcasters and some subscription satellite radio services are available; about 55 radio stations overall (2012)



.my



422,470 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 53



15.355 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 26



 Transportations:


114 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 51



total: 39
over 3,047 m: 8
2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 8
under 914 m: 8 (2013)



total: 75
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m:
69 (2013)



4 (2013)



condensate 354 km; gas 6,439 km; liquid petroleum gas 155 km; oil 1,937 km; oil/gas/water 43 km; refined products 114 km; water 26 km (2013)



total: 1,849 km
country comparison to the world: 75
standard gauge: 57 km 1.435-m gauge (57 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 1,792 km 1.000-m gauge (150 km electrified) (2010)



total: 144,403 km (does not include local roads)
country comparison to the world: 33
paved: 116,169 km (includes 1,821 km of expressways)
unpaved: 28,234 km (2010)



7,200 km (Peninsular Malaysia 3,200 km; Sabah 1,500 km; Sarawak 2,500 km) (2011)
country comparison to the world: 20



total: 315
country comparison to the world: 31
by type: bulk carrier 11, cargo 83, carrier 2, chemical tanker 47, container 41, liquefied gas 34, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 86, roll on/roll off 2, vehicle carrier 5
foreign-owned: 26 (Denmark 1, Hong Kong 8, Japan 2, Russia 2, Singapore 13)
registered in other countries: 82 (Bahamas 13, India 1, Indonesia 1, Isle of Man 6, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 11, Panama 12, Papua New Guinea 1, Philippines 1, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Singapore 27, Thailand 3, US 2, unknown 2) (2010)



major seaport(s): Bintulu, Johor Bahru, George Town (Penang), Port Kelang (Port Klang), Tanjung Pelepas
container port(s) (TEUs): George Town (Penang)(1,202,180), Port Kelang (Port Klang)(9,435,403), Tanjung Pelepas (7,302,461)



the International Maritime Bureau reports that the territorial and offshore waters in the Strait of Malacca and South China Sea remain high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; in the past, commercial vessels have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; hijacked vessels are often disguised and cargo diverted to ports in East Asia; crews have been murdered or cast adrift; increased naval patrols since 2005 in the Strait of Malacca resulted in no reported incidents in 2010

last update by www.cia.gov on 28 January 2014



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